Grammar

Pronouns and possessive adjectives table



Pronoun as subject Pronoun as object Possessive adjectives/ Possessive pronouns Reflexive possessive adjectives Reflexive pronouns
I me my, mine   myself
you you your, yours   yourself
he him his, his his himself
she her her, hers her herself
it it its, its its itself
         
we us our, ours
  ourselves
you you your, yours   yourselves
they them their, theirs their themselves
         
Jeg elsker dig
I love you
Jeg elsker dig
I love you
Det er min bil - Bilen er min
It is my car - The car is mine
  Jeg vasker mig
I wash myself
         
    In the sentences below, the subject loves someone else's wife/husband/children In the sentences below, the subject loves his/her own wife, husband/children  
    Han elsker hans kone
He loves his wife
Han elsker sin kone
He loves his wife
 
    Hun elsker hendes mand
She loves her husband
Hun elsker sin mand
She loves her husband
 
    Han elsker hans/hendes børn
He loves his children
Han elsker sine børn
He loves his children
 
    De elsker deres barn/børn
They love their child/children
De elsker sit barn
They love their child
De elsker sine børn
They love their children
 
         
Possessive pronouns and possessive adjectives sometimes look the same, but have different functions. On this page I group them together for convenience and simplicity, and mark the possessive adjectives in this color.

Possessive pronoun: The car is mine (is used alone)
Possessive adjective: It is my car (describes the noun [car])
         

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